Sunday, 17 June 2012

The Caucasian Mountain Shepherd

The Caucasian Shepherd, which is also known as the Caucasian Ovtcharka, formerly as the Georgian Shepherd but this was forced to change under the USSR occupation, is a mountain dog from the Caucasus Region. This breed was originally a sheep dog and converted to be a border patrol dog in the East Germany army in the early 1960s. 

The dog is an ancient breed that for centuries was little known outside the remote regions from which it comes from, namely the Caucasus which incorporate the following countries, states and republics: Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Adyghea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Adjara and Abkhazia. 

The Caucasian shepherd is a member of the working group of dog breed and despite its appellation of sheepdog/shepherd this dog was never a livestock herder but rather a guardian or protector which goes back a long way in explaining its not inconsiderable size! The Caucasian Mountain dog was bred to protect livestock against wolves, bears and other predators; in fact the Caucasian Ovcharka even has an uncanny resemblance to a bear!

The dog can be aggressive and dangerous once they are trained to attack strangers. The dog is not suitable to be kept as a pet because of their territorial and dominant instinct. An adult female Caucasian Mountain dog is usually 27 inches tall an120 lbs in weight. This is one of largest breed of dog in Europe and around the Caucasus region.

The Wolf Of The Caucasus

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